More than 90% of all diabetes cases in the world are diabetes mellitus of the second type, which, according to experts, has a particular impact on lifestyle and the environment.
He once talked as a diabetic, but already exists in children and youth. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity" says Deputy Chairman of the Slovak Diabetes Society (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that the cause of overweight and obesity among young people is poor diet with excessive consumption of high energy foods, low in fiber.
"We are talking about the so-called Coca-Colonization of the Lifestyle, says Schroner. An important factor, according to him, is already a sedentary lifestyle for children. The incidence of type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. We can say a significant increase in the United States of America, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, second-class diabetes mellitus is most common in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or the countries of Western Europe, but according to Schroner, an increasing number of cases are also observed in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is rarely present. "But we worry that this situation will worsen," he says.
The basis of prevention and treatment is not medicines but non-pharmacological measures, ie healthy eating and exercise. "An important role plays as parents lead children to the right living. It is very important for children to have fun in their physical activity, so a good choice is not exercise on a bicycle, but for example skating, dancing or the dog " says Schroner. However, he adds that it is important for diabetes to be a whole society.
"Genes allow second type diabetes, but they do not." says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic sensitivity to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the onset of the disease. "Risk factors such as the incidence of diabetes in a direct family relationship or the rise in blood sugar in the past are important. Increased risk also occurs in women who previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past or in the past, " added Doničová.
Patients with a risk factor should be examined once a year. Even in patients who have no risk factor, it is recommended that you check the blood sugar level every three years. According to the 2002 Diabetes Prevention Program, people with elevated blood glucose levels reduced the risk of developing diabetes by 31% compared to patients who had no active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of developing diabetes by 58%. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says SDK chairman Katarina Rašlová. It also considers it important to increase people's awareness of healthy foods.