Twenty years later, it was confirmed by research in 2001 that a small subatomic particle could give rise to the best theory in physics about how physics works, called The Standard Model.
At Fermilab at the Department of Energy in Batavia, Illinois, scientists sent a bundle of muons into a huge 15-meter-wide storage ring controlled by superconducting magnets. Muons are about 200 times the size of electrons and appear when cosmic rays hit the Earth’s atmosphere.
A muon appears to have an internal oscillating magnet, also known as a “front”, such as the axis of a rotating peak. The preparation speed is determined by the power of the virtual internal magnet. The muons in orbit within the storage ring come into contact with a quantum foam of subatomic particles that appear and disappear, and thus slow down or accelerate. This is called the “magnetic moment”, which is “represented in equations by a factor called g”, as the New York Times explained.
The standard model must be able to accurately predict the “magnetic moment”, but if there are additional forces or particles hidden in the quantum foam that the standard model cannot explain, then the muon G factor will be affected.
“A previous experiment at the US Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, which ended in 2001, showed that the muon’s behavior is incompatible with the Model Model. The new measurement of the Muon g-2 experiment in Fermilab matches the value found. in Brookhaven and differs from the theory with the most accurate measurement to date “, advertised by Fermilab.
In 2006, the Final Result 2001 survey was announced at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the model’s standard predictions were inconsistent. As Jennifer Owlet from Ars Technica explains:
The moment of the magnet measured in muon has reached a lower value. Most interestingly, this result was considered to have a 3.7 sigma effect. The strength of the signal is determined by the number of statistical standard deviations or cigs, from the expected background in the data, resulting in a clear “hit”. The gold standard for claiming a breakthrough is a Five Sigma score, comparable to 21 heads in a row (for example).
“However, the three effects of sigma seem to be constantly appearing in particle physics and, more often than not, disappearing as soon as more data is added to the mixture. So Fermilab repeated the Muon g-2 experiment in the hope of confirming or rejecting this contradiction once and for all. «
The latest results matched those of Brookhaven: “If we combine them, it increases the statistical significance to 4.2 sigma – they only oscillate at the edge of the limit required for detection,” Owett said, adding, “This means that there is 1 in 40,000 chances that this is due. In statistical variations. «
Chris Polly, a physicist at the National Fermilab Accelerator Laboratory, a Brookhaven graduate student who has been studying the issue for decades, said: “It’s time for Lander to land on Mars. … 20 years after the end of the Brookhaven experiment, we are happy to finally solve this mystery. So far we have analyzed less than 6% of the data that the experiment will eventually collect. “While these first results tell us that there is an interesting difference from the standard model, we will learn more in the next two years.”
“This is strong evidence that muons are sensitive to something that is not in our best theories,” said Renee Fatimi, a physicist at the University of Kentucky.
Polly noticed a graph showing white space where the latest results differed from the standard model, and then said: “We can say with great confidence that there must be something contributing to this white space. What monsters could be hiding there? “
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