To commemorate World Diabetes Day, held on Wednesday (14th), the third edition of World Diabetes Day – São Domingos, was held at the São Domingos Pharmacy in Curitiba (PR) last Tuesday (13th). The aim of the initiative is to raise awareness of the dangers of the disease and its consequences. Over the course of the day, professionals were available to conduct free glucose tests, measure blood pressure, and provide guidance on how to prevent diabetes in the community. It is worth mentioning that the pharmacy will offer this service throughout November to its customers and residents.
Diabetes is one of the fastest growing diseases in the world. According to the World Health Organization, one in 11 people has the disease. According to the Ministry of Health, over the last decade, there has been an increase of more than 60% in the incidence of diabetes in Brazil. According to Ricardo Cezar Colauto, a pharmacist specializing in diabetes, many people are carriers of the disease and do not know this because of the lack of glycemic control. "It is necessary to carry out periodic glucose tests to maintain control of this marker, avoiding the onset of the disease."
World Diabetes Day was created in 1991 by the International Federation of Diabetes (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO), responding to concerns about increasing diabetes diagnosis worldwide. World Diabetes Day became the official day of the United Nations in 2006 with the adoption of United Nations Resolution 61/225.
It is the largest diabetes awareness campaign worldwide, reaching a global audience of more than 1 billion people in more than 160 countries. The campaign draws attention to issues of primary importance to the world of diabetes and keeps diabetes firmly in public and political interest.
It is considered a metabolic disease, diabetes can be classified into two categories: types 1 and 2. The first method is associated with the autoimmune system. The cells that are responsible for body defense attack others who are able to synthesize insulin. Disease usually occurs in childhood and adolescence, but can also be diagnosed during adulthood. The treatment is done together, combining insulin replenishment, medication, food control, and the physical activity routine, which helps control blood glucose levels.
In type 2, which has the highest incidence of cases, the body does not produce enough insulin to control the blood sugar level. And sugar is not the main villain, but the overweight. And treatment follows a prescription similar to formula 1 – except for the application of insulin, which is only adopted in some cases – with a balanced diet, medication and continuous exercise.
– Lack of energy
– Weight loss
– Increased thirst
– Increased hunger
Lack of proper control of diabetes can lead to certain consequences, such as vascular problems, renal failure and diabetic retinopathy, which may impair vision.
Healthy eating is one of the most effective alternatives to the prevention of type 2 diabetes. According to the International Federation of Diabetes, a healthy lifestyle can prevent up to 70% of the disease. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, walnuts, white meats should be part of the routine of all people struggling with glucose soaring.
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