Brazil is preparing to launch vaccination against Covid-19, a disease caused by the new coronavirus, but is also planning another major campaign: the annual flu immunization. Last year, nearly 80 million people received protection.
Facing difficulties in obtaining needles and syringes, for example, the Ministry of Health is planning the structure of the 2021 flu campaign.
THE Metropolises found that the first meetings have already taken place and that the technical department of the responsible portfolio is preparing the project. The campaign usually takes place between March and April. However, this year can be extended, as it was last year, which lasted until August.
According to Ministry of Health technicians, the negotiations are taking place at the same time as the adjustments to the Covid-19 campaign.
“The government is organizing how the vaccination will take place. It should be emphasized that Brazil has an effective immunization program and a structured network for this type of campaign. We are recognized for this “, the server points out.
Despite the knowledge of the importance of influenza vaccination, the dossier focuses, in the words of the officials involved in the process, on immunization against Covid-19.
One of the main issues in the technical sector is the devaluation of vaccines, which can jeopardize the success of the business. Vaccine action, often advocated by non-partisan President Jair Bolsonaro, has a strong impact on this scenario.
“Today, we are facing great difficulty in respecting the population. Public health policy does not work without the participation of the people. “Vaccines are safe and effective, but there are still sections of society who insist on discrediting them.”
The effectiveness of the immunizer was questioned on social networks. The flu vaccine (flu), given annually to the elderly and priority groups, prevents flu strains such as H1N1. The vaccine is effective, on average, between 60% and 70%.
“The effectiveness of the vaccine varies. This is very natural. When running a campaign, we are not just evaluating it. “Factors such as strategy, target audience and the number of people to be vaccinated are what guarantee success,” explains the expert.
Campaign during the pandemic
During the Covid-19 pandemic, the flu vaccine campaign was divided into three different phases. The decision was made by public health organizations to immunize all people against the flu and not to create crowds to receive the vaccine.
In addition, the flu vaccination campaign was extended from March to August to give priority group members a new chance to protect themselves against the disease. The same strategy can be used this year.
The goals were achieved
The data of the Ministry of Health show that in 2019 and 2020 the country exceeded the target of influenza vaccination. Last year, the National Influenza Vaccination Campaign reached 90.2% of the target audience, exceeding the 90% target.
Among the priority groups, the elderly were the ones who had the best performance, with coverage of 119.72%. States and municipalities received a total of 79.9 million doses of the vaccine. Of this total, 81.18% was implemented.
In 2019, the flu vaccine reached 90% of coverage, according to the Ministry of Health. 53.5 million people from the priority group and another 5.6 million from the general population were immunized.
During the week, the report asked the Ministry of Health four times about the 2021 flu vaccination campaign. The dossier even confirmed that it was in line with a technical response, but did not send any demonstrations. The space remains open for clarification.
After a meeting with the Minister of Health, General Eduardo Pazuello, the President of the National Front of Mayors, Jonas Donizette, stated that the vaccination campaign against Covid-19 in Brazil will begin with 5 million doses of the immunizer produced by the pharmaceutical company Astra and from the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz).
The initiation of immunization is subject to the approval of the National Health Surveillance Service (Anvisa). The board will meet next Sunday (1/17).