November 14th marks World Diabetes Day 2018, part of the Month of Diabetes Awareness, aimed at raising awareness of the condition and encouraging people at risk of being examined.
With many studies focusing on lifestyle factors associated with diabetes, here are some of the recent research that suggests changes that we can make to reduce the risk of the disease.
Try to spend time on yourself
The Canadian survey followed 7,065 workers between the ages of 35 and 74 over a period of 12 years found that women who work 45 or more hours a week have a 63% higher risk of developing diabetes than women who work between 35 and 40 hours , no correlation was found between hours of work and diabetes in men. The researchers suggested that women could work longer hours in part due to domestic work and family responsibilities, which could cause chronic stress reactions in the body increasing the risk of hormonal abnormalities and insulin resistance and that reducing working time may help reduce the risk of the disease.
Get the optimal amount of sleep
Korean researchers have found that sleep too much or too little is associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a group of conditions including increased waist circumference, high triglyceride levels, low levels of good cholesterol, high blood pressure and high fasting blood sugar. The large-scale study looked at 133,608 participants aged 40 to 69, finding that compared to those who slept six to seven hours a day, men who slept less than six hours and men and women who slept for more than 10 hours were more likely to develop metabolic syndrome, which may increase the risk of diabetes.
Take some exercise
A European study found that even in children, physical exercise can reduce the accumulation of risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, possibly reducing the risk of developing conditions later in life. However, children who increased their sedentary behavior showed an increase in the accumulation of risk factors. In addition, US researchers found earlier this year that women who had a high pre-pregnancy fitness had a 21% lower risk of developing gestational diabetes than women with a lower fitness.
Cut off smoking
A large-scale study examining 512,891 Chinese adults aged 30 to 79 found that regular smokers have a 15-30% higher risk of developing diabetes compared to those who never smoke. Smoking more cigarettes every day, starting smoking at a younger age and smoking and obesity are also associated with an even greater risk of developing the condition.
Boost your social life
According to Dutch researchers, a good social life could help reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes. Social isolation is already known to be associated with type 2 diabetes as the new study also finds that lack of participation in groups or other social groups has increased the risk of pre-diabetes in women and the risk of type 2 diabetes in both men and women , having more friends and more friends living near, helped reduce the risk of the situation. JB
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