Thursday , May 13 2021

The United Kingdom has about 150 nurses and midwives per 10,000 people

It also showed that the United Kingdom is among the top five states in terms of achieving global health goals but is still fighting when it comes to childhood obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking levels.

"The balance of doctors, nurses, midwives and pharmacists in a country's workforce supports the care available"

Rafael Lazzano

The latest estimates on the state of global health, published in a special edition Latchettshow that in 2017 the United Kingdom took the fifth place in meeting the UN's Sustainable Development Goals.

However, findings from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) show that progress on global health is not unavoidable with the lack of health workers in part.

The GBD study, presented in seven new work at The Lancet, is coordinated by the Institute of Metric Health and Assessment at the University of Washington in the US and includes more than 3,500 partners from over 140 countries.

For the first time, estimates include an analysis of the "health worker density" examining the number of nurses and midwives, doctors and pharmacists.

The authors developed more than 30 doctors, 100 nurses and obstetricians and five pharmacists per 10,000 were the best way to ensure access to health care and quality services.

Countries rated on how well their health systems ranged from 0 to 100 to 15 – including Sweden, Germany and New Zealand – scored the highest and the British score 99.

The other 100 countries rated Cuba, Andorra, Norway, Switzerland, Finland, Iceland, Denmark, Belgium, Slovakia, Austria, Bermuda and the Czech Republic.

An analysis of the results for different countries shows that in 2017 the United Kingdom is estimated to have about 150 nurses and obstetricians per 10,000 people. The numbers were expected to increase by almost 9% by 2030, with about 168 nurses and midwives / 10,000 by then.

According to the study, there are about 27 doctors per 10,000 inhabitants in 2017, while numbers are expected to increase by more than 25% to 34 by 2030.

Meanwhile, there were about six pharmacists per 10,000 people with numbers expected to increase by about 18% to eight by 2030.

However, according to the analysis, many other countries face a staff shortage, where almost half of the countries have fewer than 30 nurses or midwives and fewer than 10 doctors serving 10,000 people.

While the authors of the study reported that the data could not predict the quality of the care provided, they stated that the composition of the health workforce was crucial.

"The balance of doctors, nurses, midwives and pharmacists in a country's workforce supports the types of care available to the population," said lead author Professor Rafael Lazzano.

University of Washington

Lozano Rafael

Lozano Rafael

"Although the increase in the total number of health workers will be important for many countries, it is vital that this increase will ensure a diverse mix of workforce," he said.

The authors noted that they did not see doctors and nurses according to the specialty, which may be important when it comes to analyzing labor shortages in relation to health trends in each nation.

The GBD study is the only annual, comprehensive assessment of global health trends that provides global and national estimates of about 280 causes of death, 359 diseases and injuries and 84 risk factors in 195 countries and regions around the world.

Those behind the study reported that the figures for 2017 painted a "worrying" picture with an alarming slowdown in progress in key areas.

For example, the study shows that improvements in mortality rates for adults were less intense overall and stagnated and worsened in some countries in 2017.

"Although many high-income countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, have shown great benefits in life expectancy for many decades, progress has stalled in recent years, particularly over the last decade, and inequalities in life expectancy have widened, reported the article on mortality rates.

Meanwhile, the study suggests that no country is well on track to meet the United Nations' sustainable development goals for improving health by 2030.

While the United Kingdom is high in many areas for these targets, the study shows that it is still in the danger zone for childhood obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking – as is the case with other prosperous nations.

The scores are intermediate for the incidence of HIV and child abuse rates, while the UK also does less well when it comes to suicide rates.

Forecasts for 2030 suggest that all of these areas will continue to be an issue with the extent of childhood obesity and the United Kingdom slipping below one point in number six on world rankings.

The study shows that half of all deaths worldwide were caused by only four risk factors in 2017 – high blood pressure, smoking, high blood glucose and high body mass index.

In addition, back pain, headache disorders and depressive disorders were the three main causes of disability – and they remained so for almost three decades.

The prevalence of obesity continues to increase in almost all countries of the world with more than one million deaths estimated to be due to type 2 diabetes in 2017, the study found.

Total fertility rates have declined since 1950 to 91 countries – including the United Kingdom – where women have fewer than two children on average, although more than 100 countries experience a "baby boom".

Meanwhile, the study identifies some emerging negative trends with conflicts and terrorism, an increasing threat to global health, resulting in an increase in relative deaths of 118% between 2007 and 2017.

A version accompanying the study, also published in Latchett, hopes the findings will excite national governments in action.

"The GBD 2017 is worrying, not only the merged global figures show a worrying slowdown in progress, but more granular data reveals just how progressive it is," he said.

"The GBD 2017 recalls that, without vigilance and continuous effort, progress can easily be reversed," he added.

He says the study has recalled the need to find innovative ways to address existing and new health challenges.

"GBD 2017 should be an electric shock, empowering national governments and international organizations not only to redouble their efforts to avoid the imminent loss of earnings they have earned, but also to adopt a new approach to growing threats."

Indicator of Sustainable Development Goals: British Results

  • Disaster Mortality – 100
  • Child cut – 98
  • Child Wasting – 99
  • Child with overweight – 41
  • Percentage of maternal mortality – 87
  • Preschool participation – 100
  • Mortality under 5 years – 87
  • Neonatal mortality – 80
  • Impact of HIV – 54
  • TB incidence – 80
  • Malaria effect – 100
  • The incidence of hepatitis B – 93
  • Prevalence of neural tube defects – 100
  • Mortality of non – communicable diseases – 85
  • Suicide – 61
  • Alcohol use – 30
  • Injury mortality – 100
  • The need for family planning responds to modern methods of contraception – 99
  • Adolescence – 66
  • General Coverage Coverage of Health Coverage Services – 95
  • Mortality due to atmospheric pollution – 84
  • WaSH (water, hygiene and hygiene) mortality – 92
  • Mortality due to poisoning – 86
  • Prevalence of smoking – 46
  • Vaccine coverage – 94
  • Health care workers – 99
  • Violent partnership – 91
  • Non Sexual Sexual Violence – 68
  • Water – 100
  • Drainage – 100
  • Hygiene – 100
  • Air Pollution of Households – 100
  • Occupational risk – 60
  • Meaning 2.5 – 80
  • Suicide – 100
  • Mortality of conflicts – 100
  • Physical violence – 79
  • Sexual violence – 86
  • Sexual abuse of children – 52
  • Well Certified Death Record – 98

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