Mar 20 Nov 2018, 9:59 am
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Pneumonia, if not detected early, may be fatal, especially among children under the age of five and the elderly.
The head of the INER's Oncology Pulmonology Service, Renata Báez Saldaña, said that this condition is among the top 20 causes of death in the country.
He stressed that vaccination against pneumococcus and seasonal influenza is the best way to reduce the risk of pneumonia, so it is important to immunize children and the elderly.
Pneumonia caused by pneumococcus is transmitted through saliva droplets ejected from the infected person when sneezed or coughing. In fact, it is estimated that up to 40% of the population can deposit these bacteria in the throat, however, it does not develop the disease, but it can spread it.
In a statement from the Ministry of Health, he explained that pneumonia is an infectious process of lungs caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi, characterized by the presence of high fever, throat, headache, cough, exhaustion and difficulty breathing
During the winter, this situation occurs more frequently, thus recommending that the population take preventive measures.
The expert advised the population not to self-medicate and consult a doctor before any respiratory symptoms to get a precise diagnosis.
Lack of medical care can complicate the illness, especially in children and the elderly, who have reduced their immune system, their defenses do not respond adequately to the pathogen, which means that there is a risk of their recovery.
Báez Saldaña recommended to the population, in addition to pneumococcal and seasonal influenza vaccination, frequent washing of hands with soap and water, or alcohol in gel and covering of the nose and mouth when sneezing.
He also stressed how important it is to vanish and allow the sun to enter homes, offices and any meeting place, as well as to avoid going to crowded places.