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Health: Increased in more than 38,000 cases of patients with pneumonia in Peru



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November 10, 2018 14:00

According to the latest reports from the Ministry of Health (MINSA), so far this year there have been more than 38,000 cases pneumonia in children aged 65 years.

The main infectious causes of death in the population over 65 include pneumonia and influenza. Therefore, immunization in this age group is a priority for public health and within it vaccinations it is recommended that pneumococcal vaccine (Incorporated under the vaccination program for elderly people 60 years for the year 2019).

According to the latest epidemiological report 27, until week 40 of 2018, 22,875 episodes of pneumonia in children under 5, 12.8% more than in the same period of 2017 and 247 deaths.

On the other hand, there are 15,739 episodes of it pneumonia in more than 60 years of notification, 23.6% more than reported in 2017 at the same time, and 1005 deaths.

Complications caused by pneumonia

In the specific case of the adult population, the pneumonia can be a big load of adults with pneumonia may suffer significant consequences because of it infection

For example, the pneumonia can lead to possible complications such as respiratory failure (requiring a respirator or respirator) and septicemia (a condition in which there is uncontrolled inflammation in the body that can cause extensive organ failure).

Symptoms such as weakness, breathing difficulty and fatigue, it may also take several weeks to disappear.

Can pneumonia be prevented?

Oscar Gayoso, a pneumologist and former president Peruvian Society of Pneumonology, points out that the majority of cases of this disease could be prevented by the vaccination of the population, because the studies prove it vaccination reduces the number of episodes Respiratory infection.

Although it is pneumonia It occurs mainly during periods of low temperature, the specialist recommends that it remain vigilant throughout the year.

Msgstr "In most cases pneumonia start with a picture of the virus. The vaccinations can prevent the spread of the virus by Flu, which is responsible for 80% of hospitalizations and deaths Viral pneumonia, and pneumococcal infection (more often stem cells in Community pneumonia). In general, the disease caused by pneumococcus is associated with the low response of the immune system and the medical history of the patient. The children and the elderly are the most vulnerable populations, and when there is respiratory discomfort, a medical assessment needs to be made, these are the populations that benefit most from vaccination, "says Gayoso.

Other measures to prevent pneumonia

Although the specialist clarifies that vaccination is the main action to avoid this disease, also recommends other preventive measures such as avoiding contact with sick people, frequent handwashing, staying hot and eating food which increase it the defense of the body, such as fruits rich in vitamin C (strawberries, kiwi, citrus).

On the other hand, suggests that you watch his center health When the patient experiences respiratory symptoms and should be urgently challenged in the presence of high fever or difficulty in breathing or altering the sensory, indications of possible severe pneumonia.

Facing this problem health "Every year, Pfizer recognizes its importance World Pneumonia Day and the importance of contributing to the prevention of this potentially fatal disease.

Pneumonia in adults, including pneumococcal pneumonia, can be serious and its consequences disease can be important, "said Ana Dolores Román, Chief Executive Officer of Pfizer Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia.

"We hope that all adults aged 65 and over in Peru and around the world will use this day to talk to their doctor about ways they can be protected," he explained.

On the World Day Against Pneumonia

It was created in 2009, this day aims to raise awareness about it disease and about the possible risks it represents so much for children such as for adults all over the world. The World Day Against Pneumonia, which is celebrated each year on 12 November, has also become an important moment when organizations worldwide are joining together to create talks on disease, to promote interventions to prevent and treat it, and to take action to combat it.

What is pneumococcal pneumonia?

Pneumonia, which includes pneumococcal pneumonia It is a infection serious that can cause death children worldwide. However, the disease can also have serious consequences for adults, partly because of its deterioration immune system on age.

The term pneumococcal disease, including pneumococcal pneumonia refers to a group illnesses caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus.

This bacterium (S. pneumoniae) was also identified as the most common bacterial cause of NAC worldwide. the NAC represents the bulk of its burden pneumococcal disease in adults. Symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia include cough, high fever, chills and shortness of breath.

Although everyone can get it pneumococcal disease, some people are at increased risk of infection, including children under the age of two and adults aged 65 and over. Other risk factors for pneumococcal pneumonia include diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a immune system depression Smoking and alcoholism also increase the risk.

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