Friday , September 24 2021

Scientists have unexpectedly predicted that the Higgs boson saved the universe



Shortly after the birth of the universe, all matter was inherent in a small space. Then the space began with the rapid expansion of the inflation process.

Most cosmologists agree that inflation was, but how it happened is still unclear. David Sloan of Oxford University and George Ellis of Cape Town University in PAP say the explanation can be offered by the Higgs boson.

Inflation requires special particles for all fields and the only thing known is the Higgs boson. According to Sloan and Ellis, if the Higgs boson is indeed such an appropriate particle, it could help to understand the important issue of inflation awareness: the kind of universe must be just before inflation.

They argue that the anti-inflationary universe, which was only a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, was probably very disorganized, ie a state of high entropy, simply because such situations are incomparably greater than those of a highly ordered, low entropy.

Sloan depicts it with the hit of the game millions of times: there is only one way to get all shadows, but if one can fall another time, there is a potential of 5 million, he says.

One of the greatest entropy is in the black hole, but it implies that the anti-inflationary universe is filled with black holes, there is a problem. Because the black hole often accumulates and is so smooth of them, we do not create our universe with uniformly distributed matter.

For a similar reason, there would not be a black black hole. "It would only be a uniqueness that could never be extended to trees, birds and other wonderful things that have been ordered worldwide," says Sloan.

Although we do not yet understand the Higgs boson, one of its supposed qualities is very useful for Sloan and Ellis. The particle has a Higgs field associated with it, which increases as gravity decreases.

The calculations of Sloan and Ellis show that this can be completely avoided by problems in the black hole of the anti-universal universe. Because immediately after the Big Bang, the Higgs field would be stronger, so the gravity would be much weaker. In this way, the material will not melt in black holes, even before inflation spreads widely (arxiv.org/abs/1810.06522).

This is a big step beyond the Particle Standard, but it is probably due to how the gravity and the Higgs field interact, notes David Wands of the University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

But the problem is that such hypotheses of the importance of the Higgs boson can not be ascertained. "Inflation creates so much space that we can only see a small part of the universe," says Wands. "It is difficult to control the idea of ​​what happened before inflation, in our seeming universe."

Sloan believes that it would not be necessary to delete the idea of ​​this idea. He says he can see his effects in parts of the optical universe that are more similar to superconducting penetrating universes, such as those next to the black hole

Leah Gran
www.newscientist.com


Source link