Experts believe that functional food not only maintains optimal human health but also satisfies healthy eating habits. / Photo by Rita Stankevičiūtė (LŽ)
It is no secret that healthy eating is the best prevention for diseases such as diabetes, stroke, heart disease or even cancer. According to the World Health Organization, malnutrition and lack of physical activity are currently a major global threat to health. It seems that it is not easy – we will eat better, move and stay healthy, but is it really easy?
In 2016, a study conducted by the European Statistics Agency (Eurostat) shows that every sixth European resident is suffering from obesity. This is a serious public health problem, as it significantly increases the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and other illnesses.
Meanwhile, one-quarter of adults in the world, ie about 1.4 billion, devoting insufficient time to active physical activity. According to scientists, lack of physical activity is dangerous for a person, as well as smoking, diabetes or heart disease, and can sometimes have even more serious consequences. For 20 minutes a day, you should spend at least one minute walking, jogging, swimming or other popular sports activities.
Some elements really make you worry. On November 8, the European Day of Healthy Diet, European countries are trying to reiterate the importance of healthy eating for health.
Healthy foods: apples, broccoli, walnuts, avocado, dried fruit, olive oil.
"In the last 20-30 years, food has changed drastically in Lithuania – fast food has increased or, for example, the variety of chocolate containing too much salt and sugar has increased, and so on." Changes and proteins in diet , such as chicken, are antibiotics that cause some hormonal changes, increase the amount of estrogen, "said Professor KTU at KTU" Modern Wellness Strategies, # student_2018 ", Dr. Artūras Sujeta, Healthy Lifestyle and Nutrition Specialist.
Which food is a healthy choice today?
The answer to the question of what is healthy food again seems simple. It is a food that supplies the body with the necessary ingredients: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins.
According to A. Sujeta, the diet should include more nutritionists and athletes, scientists using menus useful for human health, such as apples, broccoli, nuts, avocados, useful dried fruits, olive oil,
It is very important for a healthy diet to use enough fiber, so keep in mind the use of fiber with food. The easiest way to get them is to choose a fruit, a vegetable or a sandwich with all the pieces of snack bread.
It is for the snacks advised by A.Sujeta to pay attention. "If you, for example, drink coffee with milk and sugar, the body treats it like a snack, so" after eating such a snack (like others), you should not eat it for several hours to make your blood glucose normalized .
Scientists also point out that functional foods are dietary foods that are consumed daily and which, in addition to nutritional value, have an additional physiological effect on the human body. These food products contain functional food ingredients during the production process (the active ingredients of these foods may be dietary fiber, polyhedrin, bran, gastrointestinal tract and many others).
Experts believe that functional foods not only maintain optimal human health but also meet healthy eating habits.
"Functional food is considered to be the food of the 21st century," says Professor Rimanta Petra Vanskoutonis, Professor of Food Science and Technology at the School of Chemical Technology at the KTU School of Chemical Technology at KTU School of Food Technology.
How to start a sport?
"Comparing the situation 100 years ago and now, we have cut the movement about 4 times," says A. Sujeta. Sports, being physically active is no less important than a healthy diet. It is recommended for adults aged 18-64 at least 150 minutes a week for medium-intensity aerobic exercises (fast walking, cycling, running, etc.) For physical activity or at least 75 minutes for intense aerobic physical exercise.
A healthy lifestyle specialist emphasizes that regardless of the age of a person – a child, an adult or an elderly – they have to move for everyone and do not require special conditions.
"There is no excuse for not playing sports, the basic conditions are enough, even if a student living in the camp can go to the yard to escape," says A. Sujeta, adding that students who say they are forbidden making sports is amazing.
According to him, starting with smaller goals and investments, desire and determination for sports will not disappear from the first failure of the maximum goals set for themselves.
Higher schools also try to create a favorable prerequisite for sports for students, for example, KTU is active for the second year at the "Activated" sports club where students can practice free of charge and receive advice on sports and nutrition issues .