Some thirty years later, the law of forced and disappeared disappeared from the lists of the House of Representatives' committees, approving the right to reveal the fate of thousands of them in the civil war and the prosecution of those responsible for their disappearance in the legislative session yesterday night.
This law, which has now been tested in terms of political reality in Lebanon, has created a hope for the families of missing persons, some of whom have lost their lives and committed to remain in their cause until the last day their lives.
In the form, the law, which has been welcomed by the various political and human rights organizations, is correct and delayed, but the content and the circumstances supposed to be ensured for its implementation, there are many doubts, particularly regarding the accountability and the ability to find all missing persons, which former Justice Minister Ibrahim Najjar described as "moral victory more than practical, especially in the process of prosecution."
He told Asharq Al-Awsat: "Any such law does not make sense if it is not accompanied by the rule of non-passing time for criminal acts", while at the same time it welcomes the adoption of the establishment of the national body.
"From my experience and from our meetings in Syria at the meetings of Prime Minister Saad Hariri in 2010 in Damascus, where we put the issue and the information and data available, we can To be sure the Syrian regime will repeat what I have has already said he has no prisoners. "
Ali Abu Dahan, head of Lebanese Political Prison Committee released from Syrian prisons, disagrees with Minister Najjar's point of view and welcomes him and hopes he will be able to turn the page of the past by calling for a national mourning.
But at the same time, Abu Dahan, in a statement to Asharq Al-Awsat, stopped at the account he had written, saying that "it is difficult to apply with the presence of the parties in power, and at the same time, if implemented, destruction and return. Hate among the Lebanese, most of whom participated in the war. "
"The data on the Lebanese state, namely the establishment of the national authority and the investigation of the identity of the remains and others, are feasible, while the issue of prisoners in Syria's prisons remains the most difficult issue." "Of the nearly 17,000 missing and hidden, 627 are registered in the Lebanese authorities and have not been recognized by the Syrian authorities," he says.
According to Lebanon's human rights organizations and official records, 17,000 people disappeared between 1975 and 1990 in a war in which the various Lebanese parties that participated in the election were elected.
The law provides for the establishment of a "National Committee for Missing and Refractory Exposing" in order to reveal their fate. The law gives the families of missing persons "the right to know the fate, the place of detention, the places of detention or the abduction of their members and their missing or missing relatives and to know where the remnants are and receive", according to Article II.
According to the law: "Anyone acting as a morator, actor, partner, or part of the crime of enforced disappearance is punished by hard work from five to fifteen years and a fine of fifteen million Lebanese pounds at £ 20 million.
Rights organizations that organized campaigns to ask for justice for their victims and their families welcomed the adoption of the law. "We welcome the transition of the Missing Persons Act to the House of Representatives," ICRC spokeswoman Rona Halabi wrote on Twitter. It is a first step to giving the missing persons the right to know the fate of their loved ones. "
"The ICTY is ready to support the Lebanese authorities to enforce this law," he said.
Committees were created by ministerial decisions at the beginning of the third millennium, but failed to reveal the fate of missing ones. According to Amnesty International, local and international organizations have identified mass graves, but authorities have previously refused to cooperate with them.
On the line of politics, Foreign and Foreign Affairs Secretary Gebran Bassil wrote on Twitter, saying: "By adopting the law of forced disappearances, Lebanon enters for the first time after the war a real phase of reconciliation, wounding the wounds and giving people the right to know ".
"The Falang Party fully supports and supports the bill for missing people because we understand the suffering of the people and their deep wounds," said Sammy Tsehayel, head of the Party Phalange. "This step was delayed 28 years and had to be reconciled after the war." He added that "some politicians have legal relations with the Syrian state through which they can return the prisoners, led by Phalange's general boss leader, leader Boutrous Howard."
In turn, the MP in the Future Movement congratulates the families of missing persons by passing the law, wanting to soon reveal the fate of their children.