The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported in October this year the epidemiological surveillance report of 13,547 cases of measles that were recorded between 12 months from 1 September last year to 31 August this year for 28 European Union (EU) the European Economic Area (EEA).
For all cases of measles over the past 12 months, all EU and EEA countries have been reported. The most frequent reference from Greece is 3171, followed by France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and Great Britain with 1007 cases. During this time, there were also 38 cases of deaths related to measles registers in the Member States, Arja added.
In Latvia, 65 cases of measles suspected have been reported to the SPKC during this period, but the "measles" diagnosis has been approved in 23 cases since December 18 last year, including six children.
Arah pointed out that none of the sick children had been vaccinated against measles, but four of them had not reached the age of vaccination. In three cases, children are infected with bites during a trip. In total, nine infections are likely to occur outside of Latvia, including two foreign residents.
As the SPKC representative notes, measles cases are associated with a reduction in vaccination coverage.
"Science and practice have shown that in order to avoid measles, at least 95% of the population should be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine," Arja explains.
He recalled that measles is an extremely contagious disease because measles virus easily spreads between sensitive individuals through air droplets and direct contact. The larvae diffuse through the air droplets as well as through direct contact. Weight can be a very serious illness, as with serious complications, especially for children under five, for adults over 20 years of age, for people with immunodeficiency and for pregnant women.
The SPCC stressed that the only effective protection against measles is vaccination that is safe and effective. For vaccination, a combined vaccine against measles, rubella and mumps (MPR) is used. Maximum protection requires two doses of vaccine. Therefore, in Latvia and other countries, the vaccination schedule for children provides two MPRs. The first child gets a child aged 12-15 months, but an enhancer in Latvia is at the age of seven.
According to Arga, with particular risks of infection, for example, when planning a baby trip in a measles-affected country and after contact with a measles virus, it is recommended that the first container be obtained before the age specified in the vaccination calendar, ie from the age of six. However, at the age of 12 to 15 months, the pots should be repeated and the vaccinations must be vaccinated according to the seven-year vaccination schedule.
SPKC epidemiologists assess vaccination against measles in children as comparatively good, and that is why there have been years in Latvia when no case of measles has been recorded.
At the same time, the SPCC invites parents to reconsider the child's vaccination status, especially when traveling on an international trip.
Analysis of SPCC immunization data shows that this year, from January to June, immunization against measles, rubella and mumps increased compared to the corresponding period of 2017. Overall, in the first half of this year, 98.1% of children received the first MPR pots and 89.5% of children received the second.