Immunization is known to be the most effective means of preventing infection. Several studies and statistics show that the incidence of disease before and after vaccination is significantly different.
The management plan for vaccination in Korea is carried out in accordance with the Law on the Prevention and Management of Infectious Diseases.
Since November 2018, the national vaccination program is: ▲ National Child Immunization Project ▲ High School Immunization and High School Immunization Test ▲ ▲ Prevention of Hepatitis B Infection Prevention ▲ Elderly Vaccine Program Against Pneumococcus ▲ National Vaccine Program for Elderly Influenza.
◇ National Children's Vaccination Program
The government is conducting national vaccination programs for children under the age of 12. The vaccination fee is fully free for national vaccination according to the immunization standard.
Supported vaccines include: △ BCG (tuberculosis) △ Hepatitis B △ DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis) △ IPV (poly o) △ Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type) △ pneumococcal △ DTaP-) △ DTaP-IPV / Hib , tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b) △ chickenpox △ MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) △ hepatitis A △ HPV), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), Japanese encephalitis (inactivated vaccine) impaired vaccine) and influenza.
Among them, the vaccination of children with influenza from October 2016 was applied to children under 6 to 12 months and then to 6 months to 59 months after birth. Month up to 12 years old (primary school pupils) or less. "
The government recommends that flu vaccinations, commonly known as "flu", should be vaccinated after September each year. For more information on immunization services, visit the Immunization Assistant (https://nip.cdc.go.kr).
◇ Elementary and Lower Gymnasium student entrance student confirmation of immunization
In order to avoid infectious diseases in schools, a plan to confirm the completion of six-person vaccination is implemented for primary and secondary school pupils.
The vaccine to be confirmed for the completion of vaccination is as follows: △ DTaP (diphtheria / tetanus / pertussis) 5th △ polyomyelitis 4th △ MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) 2nd △ Japanese encephalitis inactivated vaccine 4th (Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis ) 6 (or Td (tetanus diphtheria) 6), HPV (human papilloma virus).
If the primary / secondary school immunization record is recorded, the principal will immunize the enrolled student in Nice. This is done in a way that confirms whether it is.
◇ Prevention of hepatitis B infection
During the national vaccination program, there is also a plan to prevent hepatitis B infection in infants born from positive mothers with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or antigen e (HBeAg).
Through this project, we will fully support immunoglobulin, hepatitis B vaccination and antigen / antibody assay assays.
Following the primary hepatitis B vaccination (1st to 3rd), vaccination and re-testing are supported up to the 3rd vaccination depending on the effect of the antigen-antibody test.
◇ Pneumococcal hepatitis and influenza vaccination
National vaccination programs for seniors aged 65 and over include the pneumococcal vaccination program and the influenza vaccination program.
Among these, the pneumococcal vaccination program is implemented to prevent invasive pneumococcal infections (pneumonia accompanied by bacteraemia, meningitis and endocarditis) in seniors aged 65 years and older.
If you are over 65, you can get the "Pneumococcal 23 Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV23)" only once in a nearby public health center (including branches, clinics and health clinics). If the vaccine was vaccinated before the age of 65, it will be vaccinated once after the age of 65 years after the previous vaccination.
Since October 2015, 65-year-olds and older are also provided with free vaccinations to prevent influenza infection.
The flu has appointed medical institutions and public health centers to visit the vaccination, which is recommended by the health authorities each month between October and December. Details of the vaccination support period can be found at the Vaccine Support Center (https://nip.cdc.go.kr).
◇ influenza vaccine 3? 4-way vaccine?
On the other hand, in the case of influenza vaccination, the effect varies depending on the age of the immunized individual, the underlying disease, the immunization status according to the previous infections and the vaccination and the degree of agreement between the vaccine virus strain and of the prevalent virus, It is known that 70 ~ 90% of healthy adults have a preventative effect.
Influenza vaccines are categorized into three vaccines (including two viruses A and B) and a four-bladder vaccine (an additional Type B virus) depending on the number of viruses contained in the vaccine. Currently, the trivalent vaccine is free (national support), but the 4-dose vaccine is full-dose vaccination (self-payment).
The government is expected to look at ways to support the four-stage vaccine through stable vaccine delivery, cost-effectiveness analysis and expert opinion.
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