A new study carried out by the Greens would nudge and really worry and affect the pollution of almost all types of products that are on the market. There have been many alarms during the last period chain products and distributors, the latter concerning certain products sold to Lidl. However, some studies and very recent surveys have identified an even more worrying situation, namely pesticides which will be found in everyone's body. Unfortunately, it seems that pesticide control has not been lost and this is likely to cause serious harm to all of us.
The alarm started from Verdi / Ale in the European Parliament It appears to have disseminated the results of a study carried out by the Ires Institute in Strasbourg and examined the hair of some 148 citizens in six different countries, such as Germany, Italy, Belgium, France, Denmark and the United Kingdom. The test, carried out on a sample of people living both in town and in the countryside, revealed a rather worrying fact that 60.1% of the hair was contaminated by one or more pesticides, including the much discussed Fipronil. This infection phenomenon has to be influenced by the whole of Europe and be considered, since those who have a greater risk of infection are boys aged between 10 and 20, infection rate of 73.7%.
Pollution alarm, and in Italy?
Therefore, the concern about the presence of pesticides in the bodies of people is not only the whole of Europe but also Italy. The Italian situation appears to be worse Even in comparison with all other countries, as the results have highlighted the persistence of pesticides to the two third organs of the volunteers, including him Fipronil, which we know we ended up under last year's category because of contaminated eggs. Based on the study, it appears that the substance was present in 45.8% of the samples analyzed in Italy, against a European average of 30%. This is an ineurotoxic nsetticide very dangerous that it acts on the endocrine level and this could be the potential cause of the onset of neoplasia and could be toxic for growth and reproduction. But what are the most common insecticides occurring in the hair of the examined? Among the most common we mention Permethrin, Propiconazole, Ethylchlorpyrif that for those who do not know it is a dangerous insecticide.
Collection of Lidl products
To worry even more is the situation with regard to the withdrawal of many products from the shelves of the known discount Lidl. In particular these days, they would have withdrawn two products because they suspected they had changed. This is the "Mandriano snack" snack – 150 grams of "the bruschetta with the speck and pepper flavor". The lots involved are L167, L168 and L169 produced by Gran Bon Srl of Caselle di Pressana in the province of Verona.
In order to ensure high production standards and at the same time to protect crops from pest, fungus and insect attacks, much of the agricultural world continues to use pesticide use in spite of the alternative and more sustainable solutions offered by agronomic good practice and proposed from a regulatory development that sets out among its objectives the sustainable use of pesticides. For a long time, the use of pesticides has been promoted at the expense of agronomic practices with a high degree of environmental sustainability, which set soil rehabilitation, enhancing biodiversity and territory, combining the quality of the environment with that of the product. Overall, the situation regarding the consumption of plant protection products in Italy has improved and the latest ISTAT update indicates that the quantity of pesticides distributed for agricultural use decreased by about 10% from 2010 to 20141, the year in which there was a reversal of the trend with an increase in the use of plant protection products, from 118 to about 130 thousand tonnes compared to the previous year.
More specifically, in 2014, about 65 000 tonnes of fungicides (T 10.3 thousand T more than 2013), 22.3 thousand T insecticides and acaricides, 24.2 thousand T herbicides and finally 18.2 thousand T of other products2 were distributed2. These are also confirmed in the analyzes of the regional public workshops examined in this dossier. Data on the sale of pesticides are used to establish the agri-environment indicator for pesticide use, for which Regulation (EC) 1185/20093 is the legal basis and determines the individual active substances. In this respect, the latest figures show that the quantity of pesticide sales is 400,000 tonnes in the EU-28. Italy ranks third in Europe in the sale of pesticides (16.2%), followed by Spain (19.9%) and France (19%). Altogether, among the most commonly used plant protection products, Italy is second in the use of fungicides4. In general, it can be said that the trend of decreasing the consumption of pesticides is an important fact, as is the gradual and gradual increase of farms that do not use pesticides and produce according to biological and biodynamic criteria, and generally follow thousands of forms of agriculture associated with the professional activities of soils, which function to preserve natural resources and biodiversity and are open to research and innovation.
In this sense, the latest figures for the distribution of organic farming have grown by 7.5% from 2014 to 20155. The dossier aims to capture the presence of pesticide residues in conventional agricultural products and to disseminate good practices with the aim of reduce them. With regard to data analysis, the amount of pesticide residues that public laboratories – Environmental Protection Organizations and Zooprofilattico Animal Experiments – are found in conventional agricultural products, particularly in fruit and vegetables, processed products and honey, remains high. All in all, if we look at the samples with one or more pesticide residues, we reach 36.4%, more than one third of the total samples analyzed. In particular, for multiple leaf samples the reduction is not very significant compared to the previous year (19.9% in 2015 compared to 22.4% in 2014). At the same time, there was a small increase in sample irregularities (equivalent to 1.2% in 2015 compared to 0.7% in 2014). In this case, however, it should be borne in mind that most of the samples that are irregular due to exceeding the permitted limit are also many waste. This should be compared to previous versions of the dossier. Compared to the data for 2006, ten years ago, multiple balances rose by about 7%, from 13.0% to 19.9%.
In 2015, public laboratories accredited for the official control of phytosanitary residues in food analyzed 9,608 samples (from conventional agriculture) between fruit and vegetables, processed products and honey compared to 7132 samples analyzed in 2014. The percentage of samples normally without residual, slightly higher compared to 58% in 2014, is 62.4%. A notable event, but this alone, is not enough to pay attention to how many and what pesticide residues are still found in food arriving at the Italian table. In fact, compared to 2014, the percentage of irregular samples increased from 0.7% to 1.2%, as it highlights the way in which national and European legislation is of prime interest so far in order to be respected the permitted legal limits. phytosanitary treatments in crops. On the other hand, both the percentage of regular samples with a residual and the percentage of total multiresiduo decreased, reaching respectively from 18.8% in 2014 to 16.5% in 2015 in the first case and from 22.4% in 2014 to 19.9% in 2015 in the second. According to previous years' analyzes, the fruits confirm the sector in which the highest percentage of regular samples with one or more residues is concentrated, equal to 58.4% of the total number of analyzed fruit samples and with non-negligible cases the actual cocktails of active substances detected in the same sample (up to a maximum of 21).
In more detail, 19.6% of the samples have only one pesticide residue, while 38.8% of the analyzed samples fall into the multiple residue category. Also this year, among the most commonly detected active substances in the analyzed samples, we find Boscalid, Clorpirifos, Acetamiprid, Metalaxil, Ciprodinil, Penconazolo. These substances are found in food matrices and their derived products, often associated with creating worrying combinations, whose synergistic effects on human health and the environment are currently unexplored. The active ingredients identified are pesticides and are mostly insecticides, acaricides and fungicides. In particular, if from the point of view of Clorpirifos, its presence is indicated both in irregular samples (for example, those analyzed by the ABRUZZO Public Laboratory) and in samples of multiple residues (for example, those analyzed by BASILICATA public workshops , MARCHE and PIEMONTE), the presence of Boscalid is exclusively linked to multi-level cases (as evidenced by the data analyzed by LAZIO and PIEDMONT public workshops). Analytical results from various Italian regions, on samples of Italian and foreign origin, show the coexistence of multiple leaves and irregularities in the same samples. Examples are a green tea leaf case with 21 leaves on a sample of green tea leaves, 6 of which exceed the limit (Buprofezin, Imidacloprid, Iprodione, Piridaben, Triazofos, Acetamiprid) and a sample of kimino seeds with 14 residues, of which 9 exceed the limit (Carbendazim, Esaconazole, Imidacloprid, Miclobutanil, Profenofos, Propiconazole, Tiametoxam, Triazophos, Acetamiprid).
Another sample of cumin seeds is irregular due to exceeding the legal limit allowed for Metalaxyl. The green tea leaf sample comes from China, while the two chicory seeds are from Syria and India respectively. An important analysis carried out by public laboratories, which allows us to point out how the slight decrease in the multiresiduo percentage is attributed to the increase in irregular samples, as well as the fact that many irregular samples are also residuals of multiple residues. In particular, grapes, strawberries, pears and exotic fruits (especially bananas) are more affected by the presence of pesticide residues. In particular, for the grapes, the 12 samples analyzed by the FRIULI VENEZIA GIULIA laboratories reveal the presence of one or more residues, a result found both for table grapes and for grapes. It is important to underline how all grape samples come from Italy. Like Friuli Venezia Giulia, VALLE D AOSTA presents an interesting series of grapes: an abnormality detected due to the exceedance of the introduced Clorpirifos limit, two regular samples but with the presence of a residue (Clorpirifos) and two other samples are regular but with the presence of two residues (Penconazole and Zoxamide) and 4 residues (Penconazole, Fludioxonil, Chlorpyrifos-Methyl and Ciprodinil, respectively). Also for the Valle d'Aosta region, all samples of the grapes analyzed are of Italian origin (in particular the sample of irregular results comes from the same Valle d'Aosta) as well as the multi-layered state of the samples of wine and table grapes . A similar result for the grape matrix is found in laboratory analyzes of LIGURIA, in which up to seven residues (Boscalid, Ciprodinil, Clorpirifos, Imidacloprid, Methoxyfenozide, Pirimetanil, Fludioxonil) were detected in a sample in general, one-third of the analyzed fruit samples are multiples. PUGLIA also records recordings: the largest number of grains (with 7, 8 and up to 9 residues simultaneously in the same sample), 19 residual specimens and 80 residues of multiple residues were found in grape samples. SARDEGNA is not an exception, an area where table grapes prove to be the food with the highest percentage of multiple results (100% even if with a limited number of samples, only 4): a sample with 2 residues (Dimetomorf e (Ciproconazole, Fenexamide, Triflossistrobina) (6 samples out of 7) with a sample of 7 residues (Clorpirifos, Etofenprox, Miclobutanil, Ciprodinil, Dimetomorph and Metrafenone and one with Fenexamide, Miclobutanil, Quinoxifen, Iprovalicarb and Penconazolo) -Methyl, Lambda-Cyhalothrin, Ciprodinil, Boscalid, Pirimetanil, Penconazole and Dimetomorf) and VENETO, an area in which the poly the reaches 62.5% of the analyzed samples of grapes.
A major regional survey, which is also representative at national level. With regard to multiresiduo: in EMILIA ROMAGNA salads reach the highest rate, with 46.1%. Lettuce and tomatoes are then foods that highlight the highest concentrations with up to 11 different residues. While in the fruit sector, multiple residues affect 81.6% of the strawberries analyzed. Cherries and sultanas are the foods with the largest number of residues in the same sample, 13 and 14 respectively. Cocktail of active substances is also found in Lombardy: the case of two samples of Chinese berries that record the presence of 12 and 20 residues, respectively, including Acetamiprid, Carbendazim and Imidacloprid. there are 9 residues in a sample of table grapes (Spiroxamine, Fluudoxonil, Triflusstrobromine, Metalaxil, Dimethoform, Chloropyrifos-Methyl, Boccaride, Penconazole and Ciprodinil). Lombardy, considering the very high number of samples, is the area with the largest number of irregularities: 61 irregular samples, of which 18 are also polythene. The anomalies detected by the Italian laboratories are due to the exceeding of the maximum residue limits (MRLs) laid down by law. This is the case of ABRUZZO that detected 3 irregularities due to the presence of only one active ingredient (Clorpirifos) in 3 specimens of peaches. The SICILY region also has 6 non-standard samples, one in the field of vegetables (cereals) and five in the fruit sector, 3 of which are on peaches. Peaches are therefore preparing to become a new reference to which we must pay attention to this issue. The PUGLIA region detected 20 irregularities: 6 samples of pomegranate from Turkey. The active ingredients detected beyond the legal limits are Acetamiprid for 5 samples and Procloraz for a sample. A sample of lemons from Turkey was found to be irregular due to a large excess of the permitted biphenyl limit (0.01 mg / kg compared to 7.3 mg / kg of the active substance detected). There are 15 abnormalities detected by EMILIA ROMAGNA regional laboratories: all irregular samples are of Italian origin, of which 8 are local and irregular pears for the overrun of Clorprofam and 7 other samples of the vegetable sector. Public workshops have a wide variety in the number of samples analyzed from region to region, not only in line with the provisions of the Ministerial Decree of 23 December 1992 on maximum residue levels of food-tolerant active substances but also with (see EMILIA ROMAGNA which with the 1349 analyzed samples is the area that provided the greatest number of results for the sampling carried out, as well as the completeness with regard to sampling carried out on specific regional provisions above). On the other hand, Calabria is missing at the time of writing of this dossier and did not provide the information requested and that the Region of Tuscany, which provided analytical data in relation to the required indications and for that reason was not counted on the national table . Τελικά, τα αποτελέσματα που εκπονήθηκαν στο φάκελο παρέχουν ένα αρκετά σαφές πλαίσιο για να αναγνωριστεί το multiresiduo (και το πολλαπλάσιο υπολειπόμενο ζεύγος / παρατυπία) ένα φαινόμενο για να παρεμβαίνει πιο προσεκτικά στο επίπεδο της νομοθετικής και επιστημονικής έρευνας, λαμβάνοντας υπόψη τις πιθανές επιπτώσεις στην υγεία των καταναλωτών. Το πρόβλημα που συνδέεται με τα εργαστήρια, το οποίο έχει ήδη επισημανθεί τα τελευταία χρόνια, επισημαίνεται επίσης, συνδέεται με την έλλειψη ομοιογένειας των μεθόδων δειγματοληψίας και ανάλυσης που διεξάγονται στις διάφορες περιοχές της Ιταλίας, καθώς και με την πολύπλοκη μεταφορά δεξιοτήτων μεταξύ του ARPA και των εργαστηρίων ITS.