A new study by British researchers has found that the chances of developing postnatal depression (PND) increase after a complicated tradition or when a mother has a child.
In particular, researchers at Kent University found that women who give birth to men are 71-79% more likely to develop PND. In addition, women whose births had complications were 174% more likely to develop PND compared to women without complications.
As a result of their findings, researchers Sarah Johns M.D. and Sarah Myers M.D. believe that health professionals may be able to provide better care for depression by understanding these new risk factors.
Their research also showed that while women with symptoms of depression, anxiety and anxiety were always at increased risk of PND, they had a reduced chance of developing PND after birth complications.
This is likely because these women may receive more post-natal support because their mental health concerns have been identified previously. This finding shows that interventions to support women can be effective in preventing the development of PND.
Paper, male infants and birth complications are associated with an increased incidence of postnatal depression in the journal Social Science & Medicine.
Dr. Johns explains the intent of the study:
"PND" is a situation that can be avoided and it has been shown that providing assistance and support to women at risk may make them less likely to develop.
The finding that having a child or a difficult birth increases the risk of a woman gives health professionals two new and easy ways to identify women who will benefit in particular from additional support in the first few weeks and months. "
The study was designed when Johns and Myers decided to assess whether there is a relationship between infant sex and PND. They wanted to know if there was a relationship analogous to the known relationship between the inflammatory immune response and the development of depressive symptoms.
In addition, both the gestation of male embryos and the experience of birth complications have been documented to be associated with increased inflammation. However, until this study, their relationship to the PND was unclear.
Modern science has revealed that many known risk factors for depressive symptoms are associated with inflammatory pathway activation.
This new knowledge expands the ability to identify new risk factors based on their inflammatory effects – an idea supported by this study.
Source: University of Kent / EurekAlert