With Sabine Meuter
Almost everyone knows such moments: Did I receive the iron plug? Is the front door really closed as well? Did I definitely close the stove? And almost everyone has already experienced that once the look is not enough and you check the situation again. This is often not an opportunity to worry.
Everyday life together
But there are other cases. The affected feel a huge internal pressure. You can not check 30 or 40 times if the window or fridge is really locked. Everyday life comes out of the audience because of this constant control. "Under these circumstances, there is probably an obsessive compulsive disorder," says neurologist Professor Alexander Münchau, who works at the University of Lübeck. With which there is a variety of compulsive disorder.
In addition to the control restrictions, regulatory constraints – such as coercion for arranging the utensils in the office in a specific order – are possible. There is also pain relief. Affected people feel anxious or disgusted with dirt, bacteria, viruses or body fluids. "As a result, the hands, the body and perhaps even the entire apartment are constantly washed or cleaned," explains Wolf Hartmann, CEO of the German Society of Forced Diseases.
Busy people have a strong push to count on things like billboards, windows, or books. "Compulsive thoughts that are permanently imposed on the individual against his / her will and are aggressive may be a problem," explains Christian Schmidt-Kraepelin, psychiatrist and psychotherapist at LVR-Klinikum Düsseldorf.
2.3 million people suffer
It is estimated that 2.3 million people are affected by the obsessive compulsive disorder. This stems from the "Adult Health Study in Germany". What causes them just has not been explored yet. Perhaps the disease is hereditary. "A metabolic disorder in the brain could also play a role," explains Schmidt-Kraepelin. Environmental factors can also contribute to the development of obsessive compulsive disorder. "In a family where perfectionism plays an important role, one of the members is likely to get an obsessive disorder," says Hartmann.
Frequently, many years have passed before the interested parties have sought professional help. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder is often not done, says the guideline for treating OCD, a kind of guide for doctors. Often an obsessive compulsive disorder is mistakenly classified as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
There are no negative consequences
If the OCD is diagnosed correctly, it can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy. The therapist and the patient analyze together the moments when extortion occurs and what the trigger is. Later, the patient creates situations in which he feels the desire to do or think something specific. The therapist stops him from being carried away by compulsion. Thus, the patient experiences that there are no terrible negative consequences.
Relatives, but apart from the obsessive-compulsive disorder are the so-called teak. These are sudden moves that are very similar but excessive and repetitive movements (kinetic teak) or vocal (vocal teak). Appear under tension and do not serve a particular purpose. It is estimated that up to 15% of primary school students temporarily develop chips. This can be expressed by graying or flashing or repeating suggestions.
In many cases, these teks are quick again – especially if they receive as little attention as possible. If parents worry, they can of course contact the pediatrician who can refer you to a specialist. Enlightenment is the whole and the final, Münchau stresses: "There is no reason for drama".
Examine the treatment
Only when tic becomes chronic – that is more than a year – and the person suffering is suffering, the parents, the child and the doctor can look at a cure. "In severe cases, medicines can be prescribed temporarily," says Münchau, who is also a member of the German Neurological Society.
For some children and adolescents, various teak appear on a daily basis. If this happens for more than a year before the age of 18, it is called Tourette's syndrome. People affected often have problems with their environment due to teak. This in turn causes anxiety that can aggravate the symptoms. Therefore, Tourette Germany points out that early diagnosis and monitoring are important in order to avoid the psychological consequences as far as possible.
In the case of obsessive compulsive disorders as well as teak, relaxation therapy can be used in addition to treatment, such as yoga or autogeneous training.