Sunday , May 16 2021

two months of lag and conflict

Scheduled for a long time at Invalides, the tribute to marshals has always hit Philippe Pétain's figure. The presence of Emmanuel Makron, a confirmed time, was finally ruled out precisely to avoid the controversy that broke out on Wednesday.

From the beginning, the subject was trapped. How to honor the Marshals of the Great War when one of them later became the head of the Vichy government? On Wednesday, the mere mention of Marshal Pétain by Emmanuel Macron will have fired in the dust. "One could have been a great soldier during the First World War and led to deadly choices during the second," said Charleville-Mézières chairman in Ardennes.

The executive was still trying to quench the fire on Thursday. Emmanuel Makron has denounced Maubeuge as a "false martial" and a "bad trial". The day before, Benjamin Griveaux had begun the demining operation. "Petain will not be paid a price on Saturday, it has never been," said the government spokesman. Foreign Minister Marlene Schiappa found the point: "Marshal Petain, a traitor in his homeland, was condemned to national indignation. The President of the Republic will NOT celebrate it" he had forged, saying that only the five marsalals buried at Invalides would receive a tribute.

October recovery

Foch, Lyautey, Maunoury, Fayolle, and Franchet d 'Esperey were really the only marshal about the Saturday tribute? This is indeed what Defense Secretary Florence Parly supported on October 30th in Jean-Jacques Bourdin's microphone. But a month and a half ago, the press release on the occasion of the hundred-year launch explained exactly the opposite. Sent on September 18, he cited "eight judges" – including Petain – and said he would be "the presence of the President of the Republic" Emmanuel Makron.

Extract from the press launch kit for the Ecumenical Peace Commemorative Program.

Extract from the press launch kit for the Ecumenical Peace Commemorative Program. Official newspaper

As a result, there was a recovery that occurred during October. During the informal presentation of the "homeless" in the press, Oct. 18, it is reported that Elisees wishes November 11 "without expression very military". It is not about "celebrating the victory of 1918", it is said, which provokes a first controversy. In addition, the new press kit no longer pays tribute to the marshals with the participation of Emmanuel Makron.

In fact, such a tribute puts the presidency in a double impasse. First, it is impossible to honor the soldiers of the Great War without including, even tacitly, Marshal Petain. Secondly, this contradicts the current historiography of the Great War, which hits Hairy's heroism against the controversial strategic choices of his leaders.

The ceremony is ultimately limited to its strictly military dimension. It is transported on Saturday November 10 and the president is no longer present. He will be represented by the head of staff, Admiral Bernard Rogel. The tribute is no longer exclusive to the marshal, but for all the leaders of the Great War, "from the body to the general," there is a staff hammer. One way to avoid the excessive power of the projector in the image of the winner of Verdun.

Headed by Armed Forces Staff Chief François Lecointre, the ceremony will be more sober: taking weapons with excavation troops into a courtyard of the Hotel des Invalides, speaking to General Lecointre, ropes of five seafarers buried on the ground. It will end with a ringing tone to the dead and a minute of silence.

Thus, the thorny issue of "tribute to Petain" was buried … Until the confusion reappeared on Wednesday with the voice of Emmanuel Makron, who defended the "tribute to the marshall" and pointed out that Petain was "during his World War I and a great soldier. " With the help of the opposition and the international press, confrontation undermines the cycle of celebrations and dangers that transform this end of "roaming memory" into a real course of the cross for the head of state.

"SEE ALSO – Tribute to Petain:" We need to recognize the truths of history, but to remain in our duty of memory "

Tribute to Petain: "We need to recognize the truths of history but to remain in our duty to remember" – Watch at Figaro Live

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