A “colossal fire” appeared in the skies over dozens of cities across Europe and Asia in 1582, and witnesses to the solar storm were recently revealed.
Scientists at Cornell University found eyewitness accounts of a “red fiery display in the sky” that lasted three days, while someone said, “The rays of fire grew over the castle and were scary and frightening.”
People at that time did not know that the event was a huge solar storm, but modern astronomers use storms to help predict future solar activity.
The solar storm that struck the Earth on March 8, 1582, is similar to that of 1909 and 1989, suggesting that it “occurs only once a century and” one or two can be expected in the 21st century. ” according to experts.
And if such a severe solar storm hit our modern world, it would cause billions of dollars in damage and disrupt power grids around the world.
Extreme space weather, or solar storms, occur when the sun emits extremely hot creatures in the form of flares and solar winds.
Although most solar storms are usually harmless, a storm large enough to hit the Earth can have devastating consequences.
Pero Ruiz Soares, an eyewitness to the 1582 solar storm, wrote: “This whole part of the sky seemed to be burning; the sky seemed to be burning. No one remembered seeing such a thing. And the next day, the same thing happened at the same time, but it was not wonderful and scary. Everyone went to the countryside to see this wonderful event. “
The solar storm that struck in 1909 is said to be one of the worst storms of the 20th century, as first reported by Universe Today.
It showed violent levels of geomagnetic disturbances, caused extensive interference with telegraph systems, and brought amazing breezes to the night sky.
Historical records show that it collided with the Earth on September 9, which came as a shock wave from the solar wind and was later associated with the plasma launch from an active solar point.
According to the Japanese aurora archives, blue began to appear first, followed by a reddish color. Telegraphic communications were interrupted in the middle to low latitudes.
About 89 years later, a “fairly large” storm was observed that destroyed Quebec’s electricity grid.
In the study, published in the archive, the researchers write that the study also points to “the Carrington event in 1859, which is considered one of the most extreme reported space weather events.”
An event that could have ended in death also happened in 1973. This happened during the time of Apollo when a solar storm passed over the Earth in August, but fortunately the astronauts exploring the moon that year returned home a few months ago. .
The team hopes to use this data to develop better forecasting models as more people travel through space – especially as NASA plans a lunar mission in 2024.
Source: Daily Mail