World Pulmonary Day: Strengthening Active Prevention and Reducing Child Mortality
China New Net
China, Nov. 11 (Reporter Dong Zichang) November 12, 2018 is the tenth World Pneumonia Day. The theme of this year's "Prevention of pneumonia: Ten years ago, all the way". Pneumonia is the infection that causes death in children under five years of age worldwide. Experts say that promoting knowledge and preventive measures for pneumococcal disease and raising public awareness about prevention are the biggest reductions in the population, especially infants. An important front-end tool for childhood disease.
According to WHO data, in 2015 it is estimated that pneumonia killed 920,000 children under the age of five, accounting for 16% of deaths under 5 years of age worldwide. Pneumonia affects children and families in all regions but is more severe in developing countries.
Recently, in the World Pulmonary Disclosure Campaign, Li Zengqing, director of the special respiratory child of the Guangdong Mother and Child Health Hospital, noted that babies and young children are the major host of pneumococci and a report on the pathogens of patients with infections of the lower respiratory tract. Pneumococcal bacteria are shown to account for about 20% of new severe respiratory infections in children aged 0 to 4 years. Pneumococcal disease not only causes pneumonia, but also causes associated invasive diseases, including pneumococcal pneumonia and pneumococcal meningitis alone, can cause a high burden of illness, which can cause death and long-term sequelae. Global disease researchers estimate that pneumococcal pneumonia kills about 827,000 people every year.
It goes without saying that bacterial pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics, but only 1/3 of the children have been treated effectively.
Yang Jianjun, deputy secretary general and director of China's Health Promotion Institute, said that immunization is the simplest and most effective way of preventing pneumococcal pneumonia. At present, capital investment in the prevention of pneumonia is still insufficient in the world and public attention is not great. There is still a great way to help the public to create a positive and correct awareness of prevention.
Zheng Dongyu, Deputy Director of the Ministry of Health, Tsinghua University's First Connected Hospital, also believes vaccination against vaccines is an important means of protecting children's health.
China's vaccines are divided into one type of vaccine and two types of vaccine: one type of vaccine is to be vaccinated, the second type of vaccine is voluntarily vaccinated, and the second type of vaccine can supplement or replace a vaccine type. WHO has classified childhood pneumococcal disease as a disease that should be highly recommended for use, "said Zheng Dongyu.
Feng Luzhao, director of the Respiratory Infectious Diseases Department of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said that most countries in the world have included pneumococcal vaccines in national immunization programs and the vaccination rate may reach 80-90% . But in China, the vaccine is a second-class vaccine and there are still fewer vaccinations.
"From external research data, after vaccination, the rate of transfer of pneumococcus to children's pneumonia is significantly reduced, the rate of transfer of infants and their parents is significantly reduced and the duration is at least 4.5 years. The crowd also played a protective effect, "said Feng Luzhao.
It is understood that "World Pneumonia Day" was launched by the World Pediatric Pneumonia Alliance on November 12, 2009 to urge governments to strengthen the prevention and treatment of childhood pneumonia. (End)