A malfunction that causes the heart to beat faster or slower than normal, otherwise oscillates at different rhythms, leading to beatings, fatigue, malaise, dizziness, fainting and even sudden death. These are the characteristics of cardiac arrhythmias, a malfunctioning of more than 20 million Brazilians and leading to death of more than 320 thousand a year, mobilizing Sobrac to create a campaign to raise awareness of the population in training activities in Brazil .
Called "Heart in the Right Pattern", the campaign has its mark on November 12, National Day for the Prevention of Cardiac Arrhythmias and Sudden Death, which is already part of the Health Ministry's calendar.
In its 11th edition in 2018, the campaign mobilizes doctors in more than 20 cities across the country, distributing envelopes, promoting lectures, teaching heart rate measurement by pulse counting, blood pressure measurement, and cardio-respiratory teachings massage recovery and the use of the external automated defibrillator (AED).
"Although we have promoted teaching several times throughout the year, November 12th is a landmark in which we are making efforts to get as many people as possible into squares, parks, airports, shopping malls, hospitals, between etc. We also promote broad dissemination in the social media and the press to provide information on actions and best practices to combat cardiac arrhythmias and their consequences, "says the coordinator of the Lucian campaign and Armaganijan.
What is cardiac arrhythmia?
Cardiac arrhythmia is the change that occurs in the generation or conduction of the electrical stimulus of the heart and can cause changes in the heart rate.
Arrhythmias can be benign and malignant. People diagnosed with tachycardia, bradycardia or having heart problems, such as heart attack and heart failure, are in the high-risk group.
How does the heart beat?
The heart has two pumps, one on the right and one on the left side, which are part of an electrical system responsible for the pace and synchronization of heartbeats. The regulation of this electrical system is formed by a set of cells that spontaneously generate the electrical stimulus, the so-called vagina.
Who is the right heart rate?
Heart rate is measured by the number of heartbeats per unit time, usually in minutes, expressed as BPM (beats per minute). The normal heart rate is 50 bpm at 100 bpm. However, when the beats are 100 bpm at rest, they are considered high. below 50 per minute at rest are considered low.
In some cases, such as during high intensity physical exercises, these rhythms may exceed normal and reach 150 bpm.
What are the types of cardiac arrhythmias?
Generally, there are two types of heart rate changes: tachycardia when the heart strikes very fast and bradycardia when the beats are too slow and deformed, with irregular heartbeats, with worse than sudden cardiac death (MSC). For these two cases treatment is necessary.
When not properly diagnosed and treated, cardiac arrhythmia can lead to cardiac arrest and sudden death.
What is sudden death?
Sudden cardiac death occurs instantly, unexpectedly, caused by loss of heart muscle function. It is usually associated with two types of cardiomyopathy: hypertrophic, when there is an increase in the size of the heart muscle and causes arrhythmia. and arrhythmogenic dysplasia of the right ventricle when heart muscle cells are replaced by fat cells, but in this case there is no relation to diet.
Who is subject to cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death?
In general, anyone can be diagnosed with cardiac arrhythmia irrespective of age, gender or socio-economic status. Cardiac arrhythmias can affect newborns, healthy young people and athletes.
What are the symptoms of a heart arrhythmia?
The main symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias are fatigue, palpitations, fainting, dizziness, mental confusion, weakness, low blood pressure and chest pain.
What is the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia?
When a person realizes that their heart beats them inappropriately, they should look for a cardiologist for a previous evaluation. The doctor will perform a detailed clinical examination and, if necessary, request further testing.
What treatment for heart arrhythmia?
Who will determine the right treatment is the doctor who specializes in arrhythmias. The most common therapies are: pharmaceutical, catheter removal or Dcei implantation (implantable electronic heart devices), pacemaker, implantable defibrillator or resynchronizer.
How Do You Avoid Cardiac Arrhythmias And Sudden Death?
To avoid heart arrhythmias and other illnesses, you must have healthy habits, maintain adequate nutrition, avoid alcohol and energy drinks, and not smoke. It is also important to focus on emotional health and avoid stress.
Although all physical and / or sports activities bring health benefits, an expert has to be informed before it starts.
The person suffering from cardiac arrest will surely die?
Cardiac arrest achieves recovery when cardiovascular resuscitation is performed immediately. It is accompanied by the use of the external automatic defibrillator (AED), the success rate depends directly on the time elapsed between the call for help and the defibrillation. Chances are reduced by about 10% with each minute of delay.
To access the action map, newsletters, and other support details, visit the Heart in the Beat Right campaign at www.sobrac.org/campaign.
Help us spread our cause with the hashtag: # heartbeat
It was formally established in 1984, the Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias (SOBRAC) is a non-profit medical entity affiliated with the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC). The Company's objectives are to standardize activities related to cardiac arrhythmias in Brazil, promote scientific development and professional development of the specialty as well as to guide the population on the most common problems related to cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death through education campaigns. He regularly runs the Continuing Education Program (PRECON) and each year the Brazilian Congress of Cardiac Arrhythmias, the largest event of its kind in Latin America, and the National Campaign for the Prevention of Cardiac Arrhythmias and Sudden Death, entitled Heart in the Right Stroke , of November.
The action reaches Paraná and Cascavel
On March 12, Paraná will receive a memory of the National Day for the Prevention of Cardiac Arrhythmias and Sudden Death, which was celebrated on Monday. The events are part of the Heart in the Right Beat campaign, promoted 11 years ago by Sobrac (Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias).
In order to warn of cardiac arrhythmias, especially for the public, the campaign is promoted through lectures in pressure measurements and measurement of teaching pulses, which can directly help in the prevention of diseases such as stroke.
Cascavel, Curitiba and Londrina are preparing lectures on cardiac arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation and training, with the help of a virtual CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) CPR, as well as blood pressure and cholesterol measurement.
They are located in public areas and are easily accessible – Terminal Urban Road West, Boca Maldita Square and Lake Igapó 2, respectively – the activities will be from 8am to 6pm with the participation of doctors and medical students.
The activities are coordinated by Alciria de Almeida, José Carlos Moura Jorge, chair of the institute, and Antônio Nechar, all Sobrac cardiologists and cardiac arrhythmia specialists.