The fact that it is thin does not mean that we are healthy as we think that overweight does not mean that we are sick, we all know, but the problem is when the weight for a little or very long happens to result in diseases that endanger the quality of life .
To help control weight, Acre's state government, via the Sesacre, is performing several actions that directly and indirectly contribute to the prevention of obesity.
Within the Health Network, there is the Obesity Program operated at the das Clínicas Hospital. Created in 2004, it has a multidisciplinary team consisting of a surgeon, an endocrinologist, a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a nutritionist and a speech therapist.
Patients in need of care are evaluated and become part of the program through medical referral, respecting the indicative parameters.
The Ministry of Health adopts the Body Mass Index (BMI) as a parameter for the clinical evaluation of the general population. It is from the BMI 35 to 40 kg / m that there is a possible indication of a bariatric surgery.
At Acre, 83 surgeries were performed since the beginning of the program. The number could be much larger, but program help allows patients to lose weight without the need for surgery.
"The patient enters the program and begins to take all necessary measures to change not only the measures but mainly the habits, and this makes many achieve weight reduction in a healthy way without being subjected to surgery" explains the person responsible for obesity program, Laura Maria Aroeira.
Diseases and therapies
To combat obesity and to prevent diseases like hypertension, abdominal hypertrophy, apnea, depression, type 2 diabetes, the simplest way is to adopt healthy practices such as adequate nutrition and some physical activity.
"Obesity should be treated with nutritional reconstruction, physical activity, psychological support and drug support and in some cases with bariatric surgery," says Laura Aroeira.
The citizen can seek help from the state health network. By referral, the person can meet with weight control experts, such as nutritionist, endocrine, and in more serious cases, doctors recommend using drugs and even surgical procedures.
In the state of Acre, the population has parks and outdoor gyms for exercise, at no cost.
An example of determination is Angella Roberta de Sousa. Seven years ago he entered the obesity program at the das Clínicas Hospital and after having complied with the doctors schedule and making the necessary changes in habits that allowed weight reduction, he performed bariatric surgery.
"Bariatric surgery is not a miracle, it helps, but you have to be willing and focused not to give up those who do, an adequate diet with physical exercises even when helping home in this change," explains Angela.
Overall, 70 pounds were lost. Before surgery, Angela weighed 150 pounds, immediately after the procedure, she went to 130 and today weighs 80 pounds continues to monitor the program's practitioners.
"My quality of life has improved a lot over the years, today, I fly, I walk out, I avoid using the car for nearby places, I go to the gym," he says.
As for the relationship with food, he explains that he started consuming healthier foods, stopped drinking sodas and replaced with juices.
"Even with changes in food, I keep eating everything but in small quantities and I shoot once or twice a month to eat goodies," Angela adds.
After bariatric surgery, patients continue to be monitored by the HC program because they are long-term results and need adequate follow-up to make these changes routine in patients' lives.
In Brazil, data show that, even with greater concern for food and lifestyle, there is a significant increase in overweight Brazilians who, according to the Ministry of Health (MS), reach 54% of overweight people.
With regard to obesity, numbers are even worse in some age groups, Member States have found that in ten years there has been an increase of 110% in the number of people aged 18-24 who are obese, almost double the increase in all age groups (60%). Also in the 25 to 34 age group there was an increase of 69.0%. from 35 to 44 years (23.0%). 45 to 54 years old (14.0%). from 55 to 64 years (16.0%); and in the elderly over 65 years there was an increase of 2.0%.
For the assessment of obesity and overweight, the MS study took into account the Body Mass Index (BMI), which calculates the individual in relation to its weight and through which we can know for metabolic and other complications health risks .