Biologist Camila Azzi of the Central Laboratory of Rondônia
Earlier this year, rondoniense watched news on human yellow fever infection in cities in the South and South East. For weeks, the death of small apes was laid on the main communication vehicles and served as a fuel to fill Health Units seeking for vaccination against yellow fever. In front of the data, in the state, the residents were careful. In Porto Velho, for example, in the first half of the year, the municipal health department undertook door-to-door vaccination actions to prevent the disease population after the confirmed death of a primary in the Neighborhood neighborhood of Nova Esperança. City. These were moments of tension.
After a few months, analysts working at the Rondônia Central Laboratory of Public Health (Lacen) show the effect of monitoring the incidence of animal-borne diseases, as is the case with yellow fever. According to data, during the year, there were positive tests for yellow fever in the state, including the capital Porto Velho, but no human infection. The good news comes from the fact that a large part of the population is vaccinated by the disease. "In the last 10 years, Rondônia is the state with the highest rate of yellow fever vaccination in the north and one of the best in Brazil," said Camilla Azzi, a biologist at Lacen.
He explains that in cases such as Porto Velo, where there was evidence of a monkey's death, health actions must be immediate: "you do not have to wait for the result of the test, if death has been reported, it is necessary to vaccinate the population "Another action is the health education that is done with the inhabitants, which leads, for example, to the fact that he does not have to kill or handle dead animals.
Anophelino: The malaria that transmits the mosquito
The biologist also spoke about other communicable diseases, which proved in the state this year. In the second example, the body of a disease that has annoyed the population of Rondônia for centuries: that of malaria. This year, the highest rates of disease were recorded in Ariquemes, Candeias do Jamari, Itapuã do Oeste and Porto Velho. Machadinho do Oeste is on the way to eradicating the disease, according to Camila.
In Candeias do Jamari, where the incidence of malaria is considered to be high, professionals working in the fight against the disease act on another front: the spray to help eliminate the nematode, the Plasmodium vector, the protozoa that causes malaria. "Then the spray efficiency will be analyzed by studying the insects found in the area," he adds.
Thirdly, among animal-borne diseases, in the course of 2018, Camila Azzi mentions the rabies of animals, which were also shown in tests, the collections of which were held in Rondônia. The cases were positive not for dogs and cats, but for bats. "Still, we need to know the dog and cat vaccination campaigns," he says. Another concern reported by Camila about animal rabies if residents find bats, both alive and dead, is to activate technicians from their city's Zoo Center. "The area's technicians are able to manipulate the animals, and they will be able to send samples for the Lacen exam and so we can monitor the level of contamination in each area," the biologist said.
Luiz Tagliane, Lacen's Director, explains that besides the diseases that affect men and animals, the laboratory is a reference point for the State to analyze in several areas, with three research centers: the Center for Animal Biology, the Center for Medical Biology of the Core products and the environment. "Only Lacen has the ability to make confirmation tests of highly sophisticated exams," says the director. As a result, the workshops of the 52 municipalities send samples to be ratified at Lacen.