Hello, vaccine rivals – these 7 flu responses are for you
Many people do not want to be vaccinated – for a variety of reasons. However, highly contagious flu ("flu") is often underestimated because you want to confuse them with a severely dangerous ("cold") infection. Influenza severely weakens the immune system and can cause life-threatening complications.
Although the vaccine does not provide 100% protection against infection, it is the best cure for influenza. The vaccine is more effective if taken before the onset of influenza – preferably between mid-October and mid-months. It is recommended for those who want to protect themselves and do not want to infect others. If you belong to a risk group (see section 5), urgent vaccination is required.
How effective is influenza taking?
The vaccine can not provide complete protection because flu viruses are mutated so that the immune system can not always detect it reliably and fight it. Efficacy also depends on the viruses circulating and whether their vaccine is covered. Coverage varies from year to year, but often exceeds 90%.
In addition, other factors such as the age of the vaccinated affect efficacy – they are lower in the elderly. Therefore, the efficacy of the vaccine for a given season can not be accurately quantified – according to the Federal Public Health Service (FOPH) it decreases to a healthy
younger adults the risk of disease by 70-90 percent, in the elderly around
However, if it is a disease rather than a vaccine, the symptoms are often
weakened. In addition, serious complications occur less frequently.
Can the vaccine have side effects?
Yes. Approximately one third of the vaccinated individuals show redness and slight swelling or pain at the injection site. They resolve within a few hours to two days and do not require treatment.
Nausea, swelling, allergic asthma or – usually with an already existing allergy – are more rarely associated with a severe allergic reaction. If you suffer from serious side effects, you should see a doctor.
Extremely rarely it comes to a Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) – about one case per million vaccinated. However, GBS occurs much more frequently as a result of a complication of influenza infection. The vaccine thus protects more than GBS from what it causes. In any case, the risk for influenza causing serious complications is much higher than that of the serious side effects of the vaccine.
Can the vaccine cause the flu?
No, this is not possible. The vaccine, which stimulates the immune system to produce specific antibodies, consists of fragments of inactivated viruses from various strains of the influenza virus. You can not cause flu.
Why are vaccinated people sometimes having flu-like symptoms?
Five reasons can lead to:
Insufficient coverage: If the vaccine does not fully cover circulating viral strains, it only provides partial protection.
Low Protection: Especially in elderly or immunocompromised, only one immune system of a weakened body appears after vaccination and then only partially protected. However, if they have flu, the symptoms are less and less likely to cause complications.
Vaccination time: It takes about two weeks to develop the body's immune system. During this time you can become infected.
Vaccination Side Effects: 5 to 10 percent of the vaccinated individuals may react with fever, muscle pain or mild soreness. These symptoms are usually harmless and disappear after a short period of time.
cold: Often a harmless cold is wrong for flu because the symptoms are similar. However, colds rarely cause complications.
Who should be vaccinated?
Those in a risk group should be vaccinated. This concerns:
- People over 60 years old
- Pregnant women from the second trimester (then the baby is also protected during the first months of life)
- Premature babies from the age of six months during the first two seasons of flu
- years sick
- overweight people with BMI over 40 years of age
- medical staff and carers because they have an increased risk of infection. They also have a greater risk of infecting patients.
- Residents of hospitals and hospitals
Where we are already talking about health:
Should I be vaccinated, even if you do not belong to a risk group?
If you come into contact with people at home or at work that have an increased risk of complications, you should be vaccinated. How to prevent the infection of such vulnerable people.
In healthy children and healthy younger adults, seasonal flu usually goes without complications. Her symptoms are uncomfortable. In addition, an autumn vaccination can prevent flu, for example, during winter breaks.
When should not you be vaccinated?
Those who have had a severe allergic reaction to any vaccine in a previous flu shot should not be vaccinated. This also applies to people who are very allergic to egg white.
If you have a high fever, you need to wait with the vaccine until it recedes. Otherwise, vaccine protection could be reduced.
In contrast, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, the flu vaccine can be done without hesitation. It is recommended to protect the mother and infant from influenza infection.
You may also be interested in this:
Subscribe to our newsletter
Subscribe to our newsletter